When it comes to energy and environmental issues, rail beats road (and air) hands down.

Greenhouse gas emissions – which are contributing to increasingly volatile and extreme weather conditions – are a key concern for both citizens and business. Longer-distance rail journeys typically generate less than half of the greenhouse gas emissions per passenger of the equivalent car journey – and less than a third of the air journey equivalent.

The Inter-City Express programme, with its transformation of the capacity and capability of rail infrastructure for both passengers and freight, would make a significant contribution to achieving climate change targets. Getting more people to transfer from car to rail for inter-city journeys would also play a significant role in cutting urban traffic congestion.